Emigration and urban exclusion in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study (1970-1999)
Cris Beauchemin, INED
The paper aims at studying the determinants of urban out-migration (i.e. migration from cities to villages) in Burkina Faso. The hypothesis is that urban out-migration is conceived by individuals as a strategy to face urban exclusion (defined as a lack of access to urban resources such as employment or housing). This hypothesis relies on recent observations, in sub-Saharan Africa, according to which 1) urban integration is more and more difficult for migrants as well as for non-migrants and 2) urban out-migration becomes more and more important in a context of economic hardship and increasing urban poverty. The study is based on a national survey on migration conducted in 2000 on a sample of about 9 000 individuals aged 15-64. Using this dataset, event history analysis allows us to test the influence of the lack of access to employment or autonomous housing on the odds of leaving cities.
Presented in Session 17: Spatial mobility and immobility in developing countries